Minerals are indispensable for the human body. They are needed for many metabolic processes. In the so-called building metabolism, they regulate the build-up of teeth, bones and body tissue. In the operating metabolism, they are a basis for energy production in the body.
Minerals important for water balance
Especially in the water balance of humans, the absorption of minerals has an important function. Without it, humans would dehydrate despite hydration. The minerals retain the absorbed water in the cells. Especially during sports, it is important to ensure that the mineral balance remains balanced. Sweating causes the loss of numerous minerals, and the risk of muscle cramps or weakness occurs. Mineral water containing more than 1,500 milligrams of minerals should therefore be drunk when exercising.
Overuse can be harmful
Too much intake of minerals can also harm the body. Overdoses of magnesium, for example, increase the risk of urinary stone formation. Too large a dose of potassium the body compensates for a long time, but after a certain time it has a damaging effect on the heart.
Control mineral balance
Adequate hydration should be provided during the corresponding physical activities. Attention should be paid to the composition of the liquid. The minerals should be included in a balanced amount.