As a fruit, bananas belong to the banana family. There are about 100 different species of this genus. In Europe, it is mainly the dessert banana that is eaten. This has a tender, floury texture and has a mild sweetness when ripe.
The history of the banana
Originally, bananas come from Southeast Asia. The fruit then came to Africa with the Indonesian immigrants. It then reached America via Spain, where the first plantations were established in 1502. It was not until 1633 that the yellow fruit came to Europe.
Why are bananas considered a healthy source of energy?
The banana has a high content of carbohydrates. These quickly enter the blood and supply the body with energy. Often this fruit is considered only as a source of energy, and many diets even discourage its consumption. However, this is not justified, as the tropical fruit has many other healthy ingredients to offer. The potassium it contains, for example, helps regulate water balance. Magnesium is important for the muscles and can prevent muscle cramps. In addition, the fruit contains all eight protein building blocks that the human body cannot produce itself. In 100 grams of bananas are the following ingredients:
For a long time, bananas were considered to promote constipation. According to today’s knowledge, however, the pectin it contains even has a regulating effect on digestion and also helps with diarrhea.
It all depends on the right use
The dessert banana, which is mainly consumed in Europe, is best eaten pure and ripe. A ripe fruit can be recognized by the appearance of small brown dots in the rich yellow skin. If the banana was purchased green, the ripening process can be accelerated by storing other paradise fruits such as apples nearby. Storage in the refrigerator, on the other hand, should be avoided, as the flavors can only be fully appreciated at room temperature. Plantains are not suitable for raw consumption; they must be boiled, baked or grilled.
Can bananas make you fat?
When eating 100 grams of banana, you take in as many calories as when eating 100 grams of low-fat cottage cheese. So, in principle, the yellow fruit does not make you fat. However, as everywhere in life, you should keep the right measure. A banana a day will not harm the figure.