Milk – valuable drink

Milk protects against brittle bones and is considered a pick-me-up, but it is not without controversy. As vehemently as some advocate it, others reject it because it increases the risk of cancer. Anyone who has a lactose intolerance must avoid this food, which applies to around 15 percent of the German population.

Milk has a long tradition

It has been tolerated by humans in adulthood for about 7,000 years, with the first milk drinkers living in the southern Urals. An accidental gene mutation caused people who possessed this gene to be able to digest dairy products. In Asia and Africa, only one percent of the population tolerates this food, and in Europe, dairy intolerance usually goes hand in hand with livestock farming. The following are the nutritional values per 100 g:

An important supplier of calcium

Milk is the first food for mammals and also for humans. After mother’s milk, infants are fed with cow’s milk because it is full-fat. Whole milk has a low caloric value of 64 kilocalories, and the protein content is 3.30 percent. This is particularly valuable because it contains the essential amino acids cystine, cysteine and methionine, which the human body needs but cannot produce itself. The fat content is 3.50 percent and carbohydrates account for 4.80 percent. Milk is an important source of calcium, which together with sunlight ensures a stable bone structure and healthy teeth. In addition, the food provides the nutrients potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron and provides the organism with vitamins A, E, B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin and vitamin C. Milk is a natural product, therefore its nutrients are subject to natural variations.

Raw or processed

The food can be drunk untreated. It is used in many desserts. In dairies, numerous products are made from it, such as butter, yogurt, cream or the many, different types of cheese, which are considered to be particularly rich in calcium.

Milk is on the market in many variations

The main focus of this food is calcium. In combination with vitamin D and sunlight, respectively, it prevents bone fractures and osteoporosis. The German Nutrition Society recommends one glass of milk and two slices of cheese to meet daily needs. Since the food has few calories, it is suitable for obesity and is even said to prevent it, as well as high blood pressure and heart attacks.

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