Orange – sweet citrus fruit

Orange – citrus fruit from the south

The citrus fruit originates from Southeast Asia. It was Chinese farmers who bred this aromatic fruit from the tangerine and grapefruit. Around the 15th century, the first oranges arrived in Europe by sea. In Portugal, the first plantations were established a little later.

Citrus fruit full of vitamins and minerals

The pulp of the orange contains many valuable vitamins and minerals. Especially the high content of vitamin C makes the citrus fruit so interesting for a healthy diet. One glass of freshly squeezed orange juice covers the daily requirement of an adult. In addition to strengthening the immune system, vitamin C is also important for bone formation and for strengthening connective tissue, among other things. Besides this vitamin, so valuable for the human organism, the citrus fruit also contains vitamins B1, B2 and niacin. These are necessary for metabolism, among other things. They ensure that carbohydrates and fats are processed by the body and converted into energy. The fruit is also rich in minerals such as potassium, calcium and phosphorus. Among other things, these are important for the formation of bones and teeth as well as nerve and muscle functions.

Freshly squeezed, peeled or in salad

The flesh of an orange contains about 85 percent water. Therefore, it is easily processed into juice. Freshly peeled, the citrus fruit is a vitamin-rich snack. However, most of the fiber is contained in the white skin that lies between the flesh and the outer shell. The fruits can be used in the preparation of fruit salads. Salads of meat or poultry are enhanced by their sweet taste. Other variants of preparation are, for example, jams, jams or sorbets.

Healthy and good for the figure

Orange is not only important for a healthy diet, but also good for the figure. About 100 g of this citrus fruit contains about 47 kcal. Another advantage is that eating it has a strong satiating effect.

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