Oregano, known to many as dost or wild marjoram, is a spice used primarily in pizza making. The plant belongs to the labiates family and is found in Central and Western to Eastern Europe. It is also used as a remedy.
Oregano – the name comes from the ancient Greek
The name of the spice comes from ancient Greek and means something like “ornament of the mountains”. It came to our latitudes via Italy, where the plant grows wild in warm locations with calcareous soil. Originally native to the Mediterranean region, oregano has been used in Greek, Spanish, Turkish and Italian cuisine for 300 to 400 years. The herb grows wild in our country and is also cultivated.
Ingredients are water, vitamins and minerals
The fresh plant consists of more than 80 percent water and contains small amounts of essential oils, protein and carbohydrates. It contains a lot of vitamins C and A, beta-carotene and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7 and B9, folic acid and vitamins E and K. As for minerals, it is rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium, but also contains chlorine, phosphorus and sulfur. Among trace elements, iron, copper, manganese and fluorine are worth mentioning. Tannins and bitter substances give the plant its typical taste.
The pizza seasoning par excellence
Oregano is mainly used to flavor pizza, but also goes well with omelets, Italian sauces, tomato and pasta dishes. In addition to cooking, the plant is used for medicinal purposes, especially for flatulence, coughs, menstrual cramps, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and indigestion. In case of pregnancy, the remedy should not be used internally as a tincture or in oil form.
Oregano in superstition
In the Middle Ages, dost served to ward off witches and devils. It was placed in the bride’s shoe and tied in the bride’s bouquet and was supposed to protect against evil forces. Also in ancient times it was supposed to ward off demons, but these customs are no longer known today.
The plant provides a lot of vitamin C and A when fresh and can be used safely in weight loss. It has few calories and provides the organism with important vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which are especially important when losing weight, so that the body functions smoothly.