Cultivated in subtropical climates, melon is a large and juicy berry fruit. Actually, biologically it is a vegetable and belongs to the cucurbit family. The German name of melons was derived from a Greek word.
Melon distributed in several species
In Germany, mainly watermelons and sugar melons are traded. The first cultivated watermelons are known from ancient Egypt. As early as 1000 BC, they were also grown in the territory of today’s southern Russia and China. In the European area watermelons were introduced relatively late. The sugar melon was also cultivated around 2000 BC in ancient Egypt, and later in the Asian region. After being known in ancient Greek and Roman times, it was not until the 16. and 17th century reintroduced in Europe. Today, the two types of melons are traded in great variety throughout Germany.
High water content of melons
The water content of sugar melon is about 94 percent, that is why it is often used to quench thirst in tropical countries. Some varieties contain a large amount of vitamins A and C, as well as the content of zinc and lithium is high. Watermelons contain a similar amount of water. The sugar content of sugar melon is higher than that of watermelon. That is why its energy value of about 55 kcal per 100 grams is also greater than that of watermelon. This is at 38 kcal.
Raw consumption is preferred
Melon is usually eaten raw, as it is so very refreshing and thirst quenching. However, all types of melon are used in salads, fruit bowls, sorbets, punch bowls and cold bowls. It is possible to pickle and candle the bark. In some Central Asian states, the juice is boiled down to a sweet syrup. In India, the seeds of watermelon are ground and used in baking bread.
Low calorie snack for in between meals
Due to its low nutritional value, melon can be well integrated into a healthy diet. Therefore, it is especially good to use in a weight loss project. A melon snack is recommended as a snack between meals: For this purpose, a sugar melon can be sliced and served cool.