Peaches are particularly watery and sweet fruits with a hard, comparatively large pit. Despite the high sugar content, the fruit is considered a healthy food if consumed in moderation. Although peach trees originally come from subtropical climates, they can also be grown in Germany.
Peaches – the millennial fruit
Peach trees were transferred from China to the Mediterranean more than 4,000 years ago. The Romans later brought the pome fruit to Central Europe. This particularly distinctive peach tree bears white-red flowers in the spring months and has both green and red branch stands. For the Chinese, the peach even has a symbolic meaning: the fruit represents immortality.
Different subspecies of peach fruit
From the classic peach, through centuries of breeding, various mutations have emerged. In trade, for example, peaches with a smooth skin are offered as nectarines, a still very young subspecies is the so-called nectarine. One peach variety that is particularly suitable for raw consumption and is offered comparatively frequently is the so-called foothill peach.
Components of the core and fruit
The pit of the peach fruit is not only particularly hard, but also poisonous, as it has a high concentration of prussic acid. The pulp consists of about 87% water. Carbohydrates account for the next largest proportion of the fruit flesh, at around 10%. Particularly high concentrations of potassium (204 mg) and vitamin C (10 mg) ensure that peaches can make an important contribution to a balanced diet.
The fruit as a medicine and stimulant
Even in the Middle Ages, people knew about the healing powers of peaches. Hildegard von Bingen wrote that young fruits together with their seeds could help against gout, headaches and watery eyes. In modern cuisine, however, they are processed mainly as a dessert ingredient. With an energy content of only 41 kcal per 100 g of fruit, they also offer a perfect complement to hearty meals. Nevertheless, due to the high sugar content, it is advisable not to consume the fruit in excess. This is especially true for diabetics, although peaches are recommended as an alternative to other desserts such as milk chocolate.